????????????? ??????? ????

March 6th, 2015 ? posted by Janell

International Women?s day -????????????? ??????? ???? is a holiday celebrated in Russia on March 8th every year. It began in America on February 28 in 1909 and the soviet union quickly followed suit. Russia first celebrated it in 1913 on the last week of February according to the Julian calendar that they used at the time which corresponds to March 8th on the Gregorian calendar. It is an official public holiday that is celebrated by both men and women in honor of the women in the world. Gifts such as flowers candy and cosmetics are some of the most popular gifts given to mothers, sisters, daughters, aunts, grandmothers, wives etc. Of the flowers yellow mimosas and roses are the most popular according to this site. One of the popular phrases heard to wish someone a happy women?s day in Russia is ? ???????? ??????! [s vas-MYM MAR-ta] (I congratulate you) With March 8th! There are also some poems that are dedicated to this day. That can also be found on the site previously mentioned. The holiday brings pleasant upbeat feelings and another way to connect with the family. Other useful links are here and here

?????? ????? ????????????? ??????? ????. Tomorrow will be International Women's Day.
??? ?? ?????? ?? ????????????? ??????? ????? What did you do for International Women's day?
? ??? ??? ?????????????? ???????? ???. We do not have International Women's day.
? ??????? ?? ????????? ????????????? ??????? ????. In America they don't celebrate International Women's Day.

????????/???????????, ????? ??????

January 13th, 2015 ? posted by Don

The verb ?????????/??????????? means ?to prepare? in the sense of preparing food, in other words ?to cook.? It conjugates like this.

to prepare
Imperfective Perfective
Infinitive ???????? ???????????
Past ???????
????????
????????
????????
??????????
???????????
???????????
???????????
Present ???????
????????
???????
???????
????????
???????
No such thing as perfective present in Russian.
Future ???? ????????
?????? ????????
????? ????????
????? ????????
?????? ????????
????? ????????
??????????
???????????
??????????
??????????
???????????
??????????
Imperative ??????(??) ?????????(??)

First off, it can be used in the sense of ?to know to cook? in general.

? ???? ???? ????????
? ???, ???? ?????? ?? ???????. ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ?.
?Does your dad cook??
?No, dad doesn't cook at all. It's always either me or mom.?

Of course, you can also use it with the verb ????? ?to know how? in the same meaning, but then you'll have to use an infinitive:

? ???? ???? ????? ?????????
? ???, ???? ?????? ?? ???????. ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ?.
?Does your dad know how to cook??
?No, dad doesn't cook at all. It's always either me or mom.?

You can also use the verb if you want to specify a specific dish or cuisine.

?? ???? ? ??????????? ????????????. For dinner I made Beef Stroganoff.
??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ?????. My brother always makes Italian food.
? ??? ???????, ??? ?? ???????? ?????. ?? ??? ????, ??????? ?? ?????-???? ????????, ????? ????? ???????????
? ? ??????? ???????? ? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????????????????????? ?????????. ??? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ???????????? ??????????.
?Everyone says you are an amazing chef. What's the most interesting thing you have ever cooked??
?In the Kalahari desert I made dinner from a 30-pound porcupine. They are a lot tastier than ordinary American porcupines.?

By Drew Avery (African crested Porcupine {Hystrix cristata}) [CC-BY-2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

?????

January 12th, 2015 ? posted by Don

When you get to Russia, you have to find yourself a Russian girlfriend or boyfriend. After a week or two, no doubt you start canoodling. Well, you can't kiss and cuddle and call your beloved by their first name. You have to call them the equivalent of sweetie or honey or darling or Nutella-lips. (Okay, I made that last one up.) In any case, one of the words you can use in that context is ????? ?bunny?, which is the diminutive form of ????? ?rabbit.? It declines like this:

SgPl
Nom???????????
Acc???????????
Gen??????
Pre?????????????
Dat???????
Ins???????????????

Actually, I was completely ignorant of this word until last December. A Russian friend of mine had sent me a picture of her boyfriend. I responded:

???????? ?? ? ????! You've got a good looking guy there!

And she responded:

?? ?????! He's a sweetie!

Of course, guys can use this, too, when talking to their girlfriends:

????? ???! ??? ? ?????? ?? ????! Oh, baby, I missed you so much!

In English affection terms are often associated with sweet-tasting foods: sweetie, honey, sugar, sugar plum, sweet cakes, sweet cheeks, honey bunch... Okay, some of those are old-fashioned, but you get the idea. Russians often use diminutive animal words to mean these things: ????? ?little fish,? ?????/????? ?kitten.? They have to be cute little animals; you'd never say ?????? ?? ??? ?your are my little elephant? or ??????????? ?? ??? ?my little camel.? And you definitely never want to call your girlfriend a ?????, which means... um... er... a little female dog, if you catch my meaning.

?????, ??? ???????? ?????????! Sweetie, the house looks great!
?????, ?? ????????? ????????! Baby, you look amazing!
?????, ?? ????? ????????! ??? ??? ??????? ???????? ???. Honey, you are so handsome! All my friends are jealous.

????????

November 27th, 2014 ? posted by Don

The other day I came across a story that included the following line:

???? ????? ????? ? ???????? ??? ???????? ??? ?????. Last night the cat pooped for the umpteenth time under the couch.

I had never encountered the word ????????? before, but instinct immediately told me it meant ?umpteenth.? Instincts always have to be double checked when you are dealing with a language not native to you, so I consulted a dictionary and found confirmation; and to my shock I also found out that there is a number ?umpteen,? which is ????????. That is very cool. These words are jocular, of course, not something you would write in a professional document or presentation, but everyone understands them. The noun form declines like this:

Sg
Nom????????
Acc
Gen????????
Pre
Dat
Ins?????????

and the adjective form declines like a standard adjective:

Masc Neut Fem Pl
Nom ????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????
Acc * ????????? *
Gen ?????????? ????????? ?????????
Pre ?????????
Dat ?????????? ?????????
Ins ????????? ??????????

Remember that these words are slightly humorous, so you will see them in informal contexts. Here are some theoretically possible sample sentences.

????, ?? ????????, ?? ????? ?????? ? ???????? ??? ??????? ?? ???. ? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????, ??? ??? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???. Tanya, you won't believe it, but yesterday Sergei hit on me for the umpteenth time. I couldn't take it any more so I
ended up having to get rid of him.
??????, ? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ???????, ????? ?? ?? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???????! ???? ??? ??? ????????, ???? ????? ?????. Johnny, I've already told you umpteen times not to forget to put the toilet seat down! If you forget again, you'll be in big trouble.

Here's the whole story I mentioned before (source). Enjoy!

???? ????? ????? ? ???????? ??? ???????? ??? ?????. Last night the cat pooped for the umpteenth time under the couch.
???????? ???????? ? ???????. I had to get up and clean it.
???????????, ? ?? ????????: ?? ??????? ??????? ???? ??????; Of course, I didn't get enough sleep: at breakfast I ended up frying my yogurt.
?? ?????? ? ??????? ?????? ???????, ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ?????????, ??? ??? ??????; At work in a fit of anger I broke a copy machine that didn't want to work; turned out it was a scanner.
?????? ????????? ???????? ???? ? ???? ????? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????? ???? ? ?????????? ??? ??????. I tried to call my girlfriend but accidentally called my boss and spent five minutes sweet-talking him into an intimate evening with champagne and candles.
????? ? ?????????, ???? ?????, ?? ??? ????? ??????????. By the time I had realized who I had called, he had practically agreed to come.
?????? ??????? ????? ? ????? ????? ? ?????????? ?????? ? I got home in the evening and shut the cat in the washing machine:
????? ????? ? ?????? ??? ????? ??????????. he needs to sit there a while and think about what he did.

????/?????

November 26th, 2014 ? posted by Don

The verb most often translated ?can, could, be able? in Russian is ????/?????. Let's look over it's conjugation:

Imperfective Perfective
Infinitive ???? ?????
Past ???
?????
?????
?????
????
??????
??????
??????
Present ????
??????
?????
?????
??????
?????
No such thing as
perfective present
in Russian.
Future No imperfective future
for this particular verb.
?????
???????
??????
??????
???????
??????

Notice one quirk: it has no imperfective future form.

This verb is usually complemented by an infinitive phrase:

?? ?????? ????????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? Can you read this article by tomorrow?
? ?? ????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????. I won't be able to read this article by tomorrow.
????? ??? ??????? ? ?????????, ??? ?????? ???????? ????? ????? ???????????? ???????. (source) When she was in college, she could amaze people with her astonishing voice.
? ? ?? ???? ?????????? ?? ???? ??????? ???????? ????. ? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????, ??? ???????????? ???????, ?? ????? ?? ????????.
? ?????? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ???????, ?? ????? ??????????.
?I can't get rid of these nasty head lice. I smeared my head with river mud like Grandma told me, but it doesn't help.?
?River mud? That's ridiculous. Buy Pedilin shampoo. It works great.?