????

October 3rd, 2014 ? posted by Natasha

The Russian word ???? means 'walrus'. It declines like so:

  Sg Pl
Nom ???? ?????
Acc ????? ??????
Gen ????? ??????
Pre ????? ??????
Dat ????? ??????
Ins ?????? ??????

 

Here are a few sample sentences:

? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ?????. He looked like a walrus with that moustache.
? ????? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ? ???????. I saw a big walrus on my trip to the Arctic.
? ??????????? ????? ????? ???? ? ???????? ? ? ????????. A walrus wearing a top hat and monocle was in Central Park.
? ? ????. I am the walrus.

??????/????????

October 2nd, 2014 ? posted by Natasha

The Russian verb pair ??????/???????? means 'to lose weight'. It conjugates like so:

Imperfective Perfective
Infinitive ?????? ????????
Past ?????
??????
??????
??????
???????
????????
????????
????????
Present ?????
???????
??????
??????
???????
??????
No such thing
as perfective present
in Russian.
Future ???? ??????
?????? ??????
????? ??????
????? ??????
?????? ??????
????? ??????
???????
?????????
????????
????????
?????????
????????
Imperative ?????(??) ???????(??)

Here are some examples:

?? ??????? ?????????! ?? ????????? You look great! Did you lose weight?
? ???? ????????. I want to lose weight.
?? ?????? ???? ???????????? ? ???????? ????????? ? ?? ????? ???????. He exercised with Richard Simmons every day and lost weight.

?????

October 1st, 2014 ? posted by Natasha

The Russian word ????? means 'bee'. It is end-stressed in the singular and root stressed in the plural. It declines like so:

SgPl
Nom??????????
Acc?????????
Gen?????????
Pre???????????
Dat???????????
Ins????????????
By Emran Kassim via Wikimedia Commons

Russia actually has an abundance of bees. Just a little while ago Russia sent some of their bees over to America to help revive the dwindling bee population. These Russian honeybees are really helping to boost bee populations around the world along with Italian honeybees.

Here are some example sentences:

? ???? ????? ? ???????! There's a bee in my hair!
??????? ???? ?? ????, ?? ?????????, ? ?? ????? ??????. Get the honeycomb out of the beehive, but be careful or the bees will sting you.
? ???? ???????? ?? ????. I'm allergic to bees.
????? ??? ??????? ?????, ?? ????, ??? ????????? ???. When the bee stung him, he swelled up like a balloon.

????-?????

September 30th, 2014 ? posted by Natasha

????-????? is a Russian colloquialism. Now, Google Translate, in its primitive wisdom, translates this word into English as "bum-bag", which is a very literal translation, but doesn't really capture the essence of the word. It's actually used as slang for instant noodles, what Americans would refer to as "ramen." Instant noodles have been the infamous staple of the college student and bachelor diet. From what I've read, the word aims to poke fun at instant noodles, equating it to hobo food essentially. It's actually kind of surprising that instant noodles are popular in Russia, I never would have guessed. Instant noodles in Russia come in a variety flavors, such as, mushroom, mixed vegetable, chicken, and so on. Again, this word is slang, though it's not extremely vulgar, you might not want to blurt it out in a business meeting.

Here are some examples:

???? ?? ?? ????? ????????
? ????-?????.
?What did you eat last night??
?Hobo ramen.?
? ?? ?????? ?????????
? ?????? ????-??????.
?Do you know how to cook??
?Just hobo ramen.?

?????????, ????? ??????

September 29th, 2014 ? posted by Don

One of the things that surprises Americans going to Russia is the Russians fondness for mineral water. In conversational Russian it can be called ??????????, although of course the proper word for it is ???????????? ????. ????????? declines like this.

SgPl
Nom????????????????????
Acc????????????????????
Gen????????????????????
Pre?????????????????????
Dat?????????????????????
Ins???????????????????????

Dozens of types of mineral water have been sold in Russia since Soviet times, and among the most recognized names are ???????, ??????, ????????????, ??????????? and ?????????. There are dozens more. Even big western firms are in the mineral water business in Russia. The Coca-Cola Company puts out ???????, and PepsiCo puts out ???? ????????. (See this link for a discussion of the Russian mineral water market.)

In short, you can find mineral water on every street corner in Russia, so you may hear things like this:

? ????? ????????? ?? x??????
? ????????.
?What kind of mineral water do you want??
?Borzhomi.?
? ????, ??? ??? ?? ? ?????????, ????? ??? ??????
? ???? ?????? ????? ???. T? ?????? ???? ?????????.
?Mom, since we are in a restaurant, can I have vodka??
?You are only six years old. You are going to drink mineral water.?
? ? ?????? ? ???????. ???-?????? ???????
? ??, ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ?????????.
?I?m running to the store. Do you want anything??
?Yes, bring me two bottles of mineral water.?
? ? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????????, ????? ????? ???? ???? ??-??? ????? ????? ?????????.
? ?? ??? ??! ?????? ???? ???? ??-??? ?????. ??????.
?I don?t like to waste money on mineral water when I can drink tap-water practically for free.?
?You?ve got to be kidding! You can?t drink tap-water. It?s bad for your health.?