Путешествовать

February 17th, 2014

One of the Russian words that can be translated as ‘to travel’ is путешествовать. It conjugates like this:

Imperfective Perfective
Infinitive путешествовать попутешествовать
Past путешествовал
путешествовала
путешествовало
путешествовали
попутешествовал
попутешествовала
попутешествовало
попутешествовали
Present путешествую
путешествуешь
путешествует
путешествуем
путешествуете
путешествуют
No such thing as
perfective present
in Russian.
Future буду путешествовать
будешь путешествовать
будет путешествовать
будем путешествовать
будете путешествовать
будут путешествовать
попутешествую
попутешествуешь
попутешествует
попутешествуем
попутешествуете
попутешествуют
Imperative путешествуй(те) попутешествуй(те)

In some senses this verb is exactly like the English verb ‘to travel’:

Моя бабушка не любит путешествовать. My grandmother doesn't like to travel.
Ты часто путешествуешь? Do you travel often?
How often do you travel?
В прошлом году я всё лето путешествовал. Last year I traveled the whole summer.
— Какие планы у тебя на лето?
— Я всё лето буду путешествовать.
“What are your plans for the summer?”
“I'm going to travel all summer long.”

One difference between this verb and the English verb ‘to travel’ is that in English we talk about traveling to a place. In Russian you can't use в + accusative or на + accusative with путешествовать. Instead you talk about traveling ‘around’ a place. In that sense we use по + dative:

В прошлом году я путешествовал по Европе. Last year I traveled around Europe.
— Какие у тебя планы на лето?
— Я буду путешествовать по Норвегии.
“What are your plans for the summer?”
“I will be traveling around Norway.”
— Ты любишь путешествовать за границей?
— Нет, больше всего я путешествую по местам, которые я уже знаю.
“Do you like to travel abroad?”
“No, I mostly like to travel around places I already know.”

Суеверие

November 5th, 2013

Суеревие is the Russian word for superstition. This word declines as such:

SgPl
Nomсуевериесуеверия
Accсуевериесуеверия
Genсуевериясуеверий
Preсуевериисуевериях
Datсуевериюсуевериям
Insсуевериемсуевериями

У него нет суеверий. He does not have superstitions.
Мне не нравятся суеверия. I don’t like superstitions.
Как ты справляешься с абсурдными суевериями своей мамы? How do you deal with your mother's ridiculous superstitions?
Я слушала лекцию о русских суевериях. I attended a lecture on Russian superstitions.

A superstition is the belief in the supernatural beings or events. Most all countries have them and they are rooted into their cultures. Some of the American ones are don’t break a mirror unless you want seven years of bad luck. If a black cats crosses your path you are also going to have bad luck. We have some rhymes to help people remember them as well, such as step on a crack will break your mother’s back. Some of Russia’s superstitions are: On exam day you shouldn’t wear anything new, make your bed or cut your fingernails, a funeral procession is good luck unless you cross its path. Both the US and Russia believe that breaking a mirror is bad luck. For Russians looking into a broken mirror is also is bad luck. Nowadays superstitions are not as highly regarded but certain ones are still believed by older generations. Growing up as Christian I was taught that superstitions are fun to think about but not something to live by because the supernatural of that sort is not real or worth worry about it.

Череп

October 31st, 2013

The word for head in Russian is голова. But the word for the major bone structure that makes up head, or the skull, is the череп. This word declines this way:

SgPl
Nomчерепчерепа
Accчерепчерепа
Genчерепачерепов
Preчерепечерепах
Datчерепучерепам
Insчерепомчерепами

У него маленький череп. He has a small skull.
Она родилась без черепа. She was born without a skull.
Она сломала себе череп. She broke her skull.
Это моя любимая чашка из черепа прадедушки. This is my favorite cup [made from] the skull of my great-grandfather.

The skull, like all the other bones, is there to protect the organs behind it and in this case the brain. The skull is made up of minor bones connected by sutures and joints. The two major parts of the skull are the mandible (the jaw) which is part of the facial bones and the cranium. In English we have a lot of terms that incorporate the word skull. The word numbskull is an example which translates into Russian as тупица. We all know someone who has acted like a numbskull once in a while. Usually a numbskull is someone who did not quite think something through and did something or said something that was stupid or mean. I know when I have to work on a school project with a group there might be someone that isn’t quite competent and we have to talk to that person to help them pick up the slack.

Бездельник

October 23rd, 2013

бездельник is the word for slacker in Russian. It declines as such:

SgPl
Nomбездельникбездельники
Accбездельникабездельников
Genбездельникабездельников
Preбездельникебездельниках
Datбездельникубездельникам
Insбездельникомбездельниками

Он бездельник. He is a slacker.
Мне не нравятся бездельники. I do not like slackers.
В группе у нас нет бездельников. In the group we do not have slackers.
Я был бездельником, но уже нет. I was a slacker, but no more.

We all know a slacker or two and usually are not bothered by them unless we have to work on a project with them or are in a serious relationship with them. You can usually find them in school because jobs usually fire the slackers a lot faster than they are expelled from school. I am also sure we have all been a slacker about something at one point in our life. But for the most part we usually try to be on time about turning in an assignment and being efficient in the work as well. We are taught to do our best but sometimes things get in the way such as stress from a fight at home, a break up or just having a bad day that can cause us to delay in doing an assignment or doing it well. The etymology of the word is broken down as such без (without) + дело (work) + ник =suffix to make it into a pronoun. I remember having to work with one for a group project, and they were barely there, our group could not get a hold of him and he could not do the work. We were able to talk to the teacher and she talked with him and removed him from the group so we did not have to lose grade points on his behalf. For those that know that they tend to slack they need to try extra hard to not especially when working in a group because it makes it harder on everyone else. If they are not normally slacking but something came up they need to keep in touch with the group to let them know if they can help or not and if not ask to be removed from the group.

Глухой

October 9th, 2013

In a perfect world everybody would be healthy and fully functional without disease ailments or mutations that cause deformities or impediments. But because we do not live in a such a world here are those that have disabilities such as blindness, deafness, the inability to speak and so forth. The word to describe a person who is deaf in Russian is Глухой. This word declines this way: