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Russian has several verbs that can be translated as ‘study.’ Today let's start by looking at учить/выучить:
|No such thing as
You can use this verb to discuss what subjects you studied in grade school or high school. In this sense you usually use it in the imperfective.
|В школе я учил немецкий язык. Господи, какой он сложный!||In school I studied German. Lord, it is so complicated!|
|— Ты в школе учила физику?
— Конечно, учила.
|“Did you study physics in school?”
“Of course, I did.”
If you are studying/memorizing a set of facts, then you can use both the imperfective and perfective:
|— Что ты делаешь?
— Я учу испанские слова.
|“What are you doing?”
“I'm learning/memorizing my Spanish vocabulary.”
|Я вчера выучил список столиц республик бывшего Советского Союза.||Yesterday I memorized a list of the capitals of the republics of the former Soviet Union.|
|Я сегодня должна выучить наизусть квадратное уравнение.||Today I have to learn the quadratic equation by heart.|
|— Я вчера выучил перечень семнадцати ядов, которые нельзя обнаружить в человеческом организме.
— Что за глупость, не бывает необнаруживаемого яда.
— Правда? Чёрт побери, надо изменить свои планы.
|“Yesterday I memorized a list of seventeen poisons that can't be detected in the human body.”
“That's ridiculous. There is no such thing as an undetectable poison.”
“Really? Damn, I'll have to change my plans.”
Don responds: Aargh! This is what I get for having rushed this week's entries. Thanks! They have been corrected.
Don responds: Thanks! They have been corrected.
It is grammatical, though. My only concern is the meaning, as in Russian school you rarely learn by heart something other than poems or citites/rivers/regions (for geography classes). Actually, "учить наизусть" is an expression primarily associated with memorizing poems at school.
Don responds: Interesting. When I first thought up the sentence, I was remembering junior high school. We had to memorize the quadratic equation to find the X-axis intersections of a parabola and then apply it during exams. The form we had to memorize was not the simple
ax2 + bx + c = 0
So that was what I had in mind.
It's really valuable for us Americans to know, though, what contexts a phrase is used in in Russia, so the fact that it sounds odd in regards to the equation but fine in regard to lists of words or geographical locations is a marvelous thing for me learn. Thanks, Shady!
Don responds: Thanks! Error corrected.