??????

September 30th, 2013 ? posted by Don

The Russian word ?????? is a noun that means ?help.? It is a third declension noun. One doesn't encounter the plural forms all that often, but they do theoretically exist.

SgPl
Nom????????????
Acc
Gen?????????????
Pre?????a?
Dat?????a?
Ins????????????a??

The word is often used with ?????:

??? ????? ??????. I need help.
??? ?? ????? ???? ??????. I don't need your help.
?????y ????? ????? ???? ??????. Boris will need your help.
???? ????? ???? ?????? ?????, ????? ???????? ?????. Tanya needed her brother?s help to replace the door.

When you do something without help, the preposition ??? is used; it requires the genitive case.

? ?? ?? ???? ?????????????? ?? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????????. I wouldn't have been able to travel through Somalia without the help of an interpreter.
? ?????? ??? ???????? ????????.
? ?? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ??????.
?Help me replace the light bulb.?
?You?ll be able to do that without my help.?

When you do something with the help of something, you can use either the preposition ??? + prepositional or the preposition ? + instrumental.

? ??????? ?????? ? ??????? ???????. I translated the article with the help of a dictionary.
? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?????????. I found that address with the help of my smart phone.

The phrases ??? ?????? and ? ??????? are part of higher style Russian. So although one could theoretically say,

? ??????? ?????? ? ??????? ?????.
? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????.
I replaced the toilet with my brother?s help.

in common conversation one is more likely to say,

???? ????? ??? ???????? ??????. My brother helped me replace the toilet.

?????

September 25th, 2013 ? posted by Janell

????? in Russian is brush. It declines as such:

Fix this for end stress in the last four plurals.

SgPl
Nom??????????
Acc??????????
Gen???????????
Pre???????????
Dat???????????
Ins?????????????

? ???? ????? ?? ??????. I have paintbrushes from Japan.
?? ???????? ? ??????. We talked about paintbrushes.
? ??? ??? ??????, ?????? ??? ??? ??????. She does not have any paintbrushes, because she is poor.
??? ??????? ??????. She painted with a paintbrush.

It can refer to a cosmetic brush, a brush to paint a room or in this instance I am referring to it as an artist brush. Brushes come in all shapes and sizes. Brushes with smaller or less bristles are usually used for detail and small areas such as details on a car or eye while the larger ones are for larger areas such as backgrounds. A round brush allows you to paint fine points while a flat one is more versatile and can be used for broad strokes and thin ones. A fan brush is usually used for blending colors. Other forms of paint brushes include mop brush and sword/striper brush. There are different brushes for different mediums; watercolor brushes are different than acrylic brushes. Thicker brushes hold more paint and are better for wet painting such as water coloring, while the thinner brushes are better for dry painting because they hold less paint. The article which I found useful on paintbrushes is: http://painting.about.com/od/artsupplies/ig/Intro-to-Art-Paint-Brushes/. It also gives advice on cleaning, the ways to preserve your brushes, etc.

????????/??????

September 23rd, 2013 ? posted by Don

The verb ?to help? in Russian is ????????/??????:

Imperfective Perfective
Infinitive ???????? ??????
Past ???????
????????
????????
????????
?????
???????
???????
???????
Present ???????
?????????
????????
????????
?????????
????????
No such thing as
perfective present
in Russian.
Future ???? ????????
?????? ????????
????? ????????
????? ????????
?????? ????????
????? ????????
??????
????????
???????
???????
????????
???????
Imperative ???????(??) ??????(??)

The person you help goes in the dative case:

? ????, ?? ???????? ??? ? ???????? ????????
? ??????, ????????, ??????.
?Mama, can you help me with my homework??
?Okay, sweetie, I will.?
? ????, ?????? ????? ?????????? ???? ? ?????? ???????.
? ?????, ????, ??????.
?Vitya, help your brother move the wardrobe into the other bedroom.?
?Okay, Dad, I will.?
??????? ?????? ???????? ????? ????????. Grandma used to help Elena out with money.
?? ??????? ?????. ?? ?????? ??????? ????? ???. Don't help Igor. He is supposed to do his homework himself.
? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ?????
? ?????. ? ??????? ????.
?Who helped you put together the wardrobe??
?No one. I assembled it all by myself.?

????

September 18th, 2013 ? posted by Janell

???? is the Russian word for soul. This is how it declines:

SgPl
Nom????????
Acc????????
Gen???????
Pre?????????
Dat?????????
Ins???????????

? ???? ???? ????. I have a soul.

Very often Russians will use the word ???? where Americans would use the word ?heart.?

?? ?????? ? ?????. He painted with heart.
? ????????? ??? ?? ???? ????. I thank you with all my heart.

The phrase ?? ???? means ?pleasant? or ?pleasing.?

??? ????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ????. I didn't care for the book.

What is a soul exactly? A soul is the non-physical essence of a person. Across the globe the meaning and existence of the soul varies. For the Christians the soul is the spiritual side of a person that must be saved by Christ in order to go to heaven. The Egyptians believed that a person had three souls, each of which went separate ways after the person died. Many believe that the soul can be contacted through the help of mediums or other spiritual forms of contact. According to Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rusalka and the book Russian Folk Belief By Linda J. Ivanits there is a creature called the Rusalka it is the Russian version of a mermaid. It is believed that when a young woman dies of violent circumstances or commits suicide their soul turns into one of these creatures. Around the soul are terms and phrases: soul mate, window to the soul, lover of the soul, soul music, to sell one?s soul to the devil, etc., that show the soul affects many aspects of life even if the major folklore around the soul has become irrelevant. One must be careful that they do not confuse the word ???? the word for soul with the word ??? the word for shower!

???

September 16th, 2013 ? posted by Don

Russian has a word ??? which means a male cat, in other words what we in English would call a tomcat. It's an end-stressed word, which means it always has the stress on the first syllable of the grammatical ending, if there is one, and on the last syllable of the word if there is not a grammatical ending:

SgPl
Nom???????
Acc?????????
Gen
Pre?????????
Dat?????????
Ins???????????

Here are a few sample sentences:

??? ????? ??????? ??? ????. Two tomcats were fighting under the window.
?? ?????? ???? ????? ? ????? ?????, ??? ?? ??????? ???? ???????? ???????. Do you see that tomcat? Yesterday I saw him chase off two German Shepherds.
???????, ??? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ?????. ???? ??? ????????????.* Good Lord, our cat has pissed in the kitchen again. We should neuter him.
??? ????????? ? ???? ? ??????? ?? ???. The cat snuck up on the mouse and pounced on him.

The Russians have a phrase that means ?very little? which is related to cats, and that is ??? ????????, literally ?the tomcat cried.? For instance,

? ??????? ? ???? ??????
? ??? ????????.
?How much money do you have left??
?Next to none.?
? ??????? ???????? ??????
? ??? ????????.
?How much vodka is left??
?Scarcely a drop.?

* Warning: don't use the word ??????? in polite company. It's pretty crude.